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Melody Time (working title All in Fun) is a 1948 American hybrid film and the 10th theatrically released animated feature produced by Walt Disney. It was released to theatres by RKO Radio Pictures on May 27, 1948, and produced by Walt Disney Pictures in 1983. Made up of seven segments set to popular music and folk music, the film is, like Make Mine Music before it, the popular music version of Fantasia. Melody Time, while not meeting the artistic accomplishments of Fantasia, was mildly successful. It is the fifth Disney package film following Saludos Amigos, The Three Caballeros, Make Mine Music, and Fun and Fancy Free. Nick Jr. returned the special to television on Friday, May 20, 2016, as a companion to The Robert Sedita Show and before the RCCS Formal/Prom, and aired after Awards Day/Graduation.

Plot and background information of film segmentsEdit

According to Disney, the film's plot is as follows: "In the grand tradition of Disney's greatest musical classics, such as FANTASIA, MELODY TIME features seven classic stories, each enhanced with high-spirited music and unforgettale characters...[A] feast for the eyes and ears [full of] wit and charm...a delightful Disney classic with something for everyone". Rose Pelswick, in a 1948 review for The News-Sentinel, described the film as an 'adventure into the intriguing make-believe world peopled by Walt Disney's Cartoon characters". It also explains that "with the off-screen voice of Buddy Clark doing the introductions, the...episodes include fantasy, folklore, South American rhythms, poetry, and slapstick". A 1948 review by the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette described it as a "mixture of fantasy, abstraction, parable, music, color, and movement".

The seven "mini-musical" stories outlined:

Once Upon a WintertimeEdit

This segment features Frances Langford singing the title song about two romantic young lovers on a winter day in a late 1800s December named Jenny and Joe (unlike most Disney cartoons, Jenny and Joe do not have spoken dialogue in this cartoon). Joe shows off on the ice for his lover, Jenny, and near-tragedy and a timely rescue ensues. Like several other segments of these package films, Once Upon a Wintertime was later released theatrically as an individual short, in this case on September 17, 1954. Clips from the beginning and end of this short showing a horse-drawn sleigh are featured in Very Merry Christmas Songs, which is part of Disney Sing Along Songs, as a background movie for the song Jingle Bells along with Sir Reginald. Stella Dallas, Behwhells Boys, Grand Chawhee are against them.

Bumble BoogieEdit

This segment presents a surrealistic battle for a solitary bumble bee as he tries to ward off a visual and musical frenzy. The music is courtesy of Freddy Martin And His Orchestra (with Jack Fina playing the piano) and is a swing-jazz variation of Rimsky-Korsakov's Flight of the Bumblebee, which was one of the many pieces considered for inclusion in Fantasia.

The Legend of Johnny AppleseedEdit

This segment is a retelling of the story of John Chapman, who spent most of his life roaming Mid-Western America (mainly Ohio and Indiana) in the pioneer days, and planting apple trees, thus earning his famous nickname. Dennis Day narrates (as an "old settler who knew Johnny well") and provides the voices of both Johnny and his guardian angel. This segment was released independently on December 25, 1955 as Johnny Appleseed. The piece has a running time of "17 minutes [making it] the film's second-longest piece". Before being adapted as a segment in Melody Time, the story of Johnny Appleseed was "first immortalized around campfires", then later turned into "storybook form".

Little TootEdit

This segment is based on the story of "Little Toot" by Hardie Gramatky, in which the title protagonist, a small tugboat, wanted to be just like his father Big Toot, but couldn't seem to stay out of trouble. The Andrews Sisters provide the vocals. A clip from 'Little Toot' features briefly in the 'Friendship' song on Disney Sing Along Songs volume 'Friend Like Me'. It was also featured in Sing Me a Story with Belle.

TreesEdit

This segment featured a recitation of the 1913 poem "Trees" by Joyce Kilmer and music by Oscar Rasbach performed by Fred Waring and the Pennsylvanians with the lyrical setting accompanying animation of bucolic scenes seen through the changing of the seasons.

To preserve the look of the original story sketches, layout artist Ken O'Connor came up with the idea of using frosted cels and render the pastel images right onto the cel. Before being photographed each cel was laminated in clear lacquer to protect the pastel. The result was a look that had never been seen in animation before.

Blame It on the SambaEdit

This segment has Donald Duck and José Carioca meeting the Aracuan Bird, who introduces them to the pleasures of the samba. The accompanying music is the 1914 polka Apanhei-te, Cavaquinho by Ernesto Nazareth, fitted with English lyrics. The Dinning Sisters provide the vocals while organist Ethel Smith appears in a live-action role.

Pecos BillEdit

The film's final segment is about Texas' famous hero Pecos Bill. He was raised by coyotes (similar to how Mowgli was raised by wolves in The Jungle Book) and later became the biggest and best cowboy that ever lived. It also features his horse Widowmaker, and recounts the ill-fated romance between Bill and a beautiful cowgirl named Slue Foot Sue, whom he falls in love with at first sight. This retelling of the story features Roy Rogers, Bob Nolan, Trigger, and the Sons of the Pioneers telling the story to Bobby Driscoll and Luana Patten in a live-action frame story. This segment was later edited on the film's NTSC video release (except the PAL release) to remove all parts with Bill smoking a cigarette and almost the entire tornado scene with Bill rolling his cigarette and lighting it with a lightning bolt. With a total running time of "22 minutes, [it] is the lengthiest piece".

CastEdit

The cast is listed below:

  • Roy Rogers – Himself; Narrator; Singer (Pecos Bill)
  • Trigger, the Smartest Horse in the Movies – Himself
  • Dennis Day – Narrator; Singer; Characters (Johnny Appleseed)
  • The Andrews Sisters – Singers (Little Toot)
  • Fred Waring and the Pennsylvanians – Singers (Trees)
  • Freddy Martin – Music composer (Bumble Boogie)
  • Ethel Smith – Organist (Blame It On the Samba)
  • Frances Langford – Singer (Once Upon a Wintertime)
  • Buddy Clark – Singer; Narrator
  • Bob Nolan – Himself; Singer; Narrator (Pecos Bill)
  • Sons of the Pioneers – Themselves; Singers; Narrators (Pecos Bill)
  • The Dinning Sisters – Singers (Blame It On the Samba)
  • Bobby Driscoll – Himself (Pecos Bill)
  • Luana Patten – Herself (Pecos Bill)
  • Pinto Colvig - Pecos Bill (Pecos Bill)
  • Jean Vander Pyl - Slue-Foot Sue (Pecos Bill)
Cast (Table Version)
Once Upon a Wintertime Bumble Boogie Johnny Appleseed Little Toot Trees Blame It On the Samba Pecos Bill
Frances Langford (Singer) Freddy Martin (Music composer) Dennis Day

SongsEdit

The songs in Melody Time were all "largely based around (then) contemporary music and musical performances". "Blue Shadows on the Trail" was chosen by the Western Writers of America as one of the top 100 Western Songs of all time.

Song Writer(s) Performer(s)
Melody Time George David Weiss and Bennie Benjamin Buddy Clark
Once Upon a Wintertime Bobby Worth and Ray Gilbert Frances Langford
Bumble Boogie Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov (arranged by Jack Fina) Freddy Martin and His Orchestra (with Jack Fina on piano)
Johnny Appleseed Kim Gannon and Walter Kent Dennis Day
Little Toot Allie Wrubel The Andrews Sisters
Trees Joyce Kilmer (poem) and Oscar Rasbach (music) Fred Waring and His Pennsylvanians
Blame It on the Samba Ernesto Nazareth and Ray Gilbert Ethel Smith and The Dinning Sisters
Pecos Bill Eliot Daniel and Johnny Lange Roy Rogers and the Sons of the Pioneers
Blue Shadows on the Trail
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